Since the seventh month, Rwandan troops have joined the fight against rebels in northern Mozambique, killing four Rwandan soldiers, according to a military spokesman.
Rwanda recently took other journalists there to show them the situation in the province of Cabo Delgado, Anne Soy of the BBC spoke to returning residents and those still in the camps.
In a press tour of the Rwandan military, near where children play football, it is seen as normal, as peaceful.
18-year-old Hamiss Juma recently returned with his host family, as well as thousands of others who had fled.
Since 2017, Islamist insurgents have seized much of Cabo Delgado, killing three thousand people and hundreds of thousands fleeing.
“We were always running away from them, they grabbed us and beat us, they hit us so hard, they killed and so many people we kept running away,” Juma said.
“Our houses have been demolished, churches have been demolished. We still don’t understand what they want.”
The rebels are said to be working with the Islamic State terrorist group, which is also planning to work with them and threatening Rwanda’s retaliation for interference in the war.
But some analysts say there is no direct interaction between the rebels, which is mainly made up of local youths, and the Islamic State other than a terrorist cell.
Col Ronald Rwivanga, a spokesman for the Rwandan Armed Forces, told Anne Soy that they had killed more than 100 of the rebels since their arrival.
“The enemy lost more than 100, those are the ones we saw with our eyes but there are also bodies that have fled so we don’t know the exact number of those who lost.
“It’s unfortunate that we have lost four on our side since its inception.”
The Mozambican side, which has joined the war with Rwanda, has not commented on the casualties.
A few days after the Rwandan army left Kigali in July, their spokesman told the BUJA EXPRESS that the cost of the war was what Rwanda agreed to pay for.
Now, he also said that what took them to Cabo Delgado is not over so the time to leave has not yet arrived.
Why is Rwanda in this war?
“We have promised to go and protect civilians where there is no peace, it is something we believe in, it is something we have been through, we feel we should be involved in all activities that restore security wherever we are called,” Col Rwivanga said.
In Mozambique and Rwanda there were critics and expressed concern over the involvement of the Rwandan Armed Forces in the war, and others happily said it was appropriate.
Miabone Toto, a woman who is still in a refugee camp in another part of Cabo Delgado and her family, all of their former residence was destroyed.
“We want to go home, but I have nothing at home, nothing,” she told the BUJA EXPRESS.
When he visited the area last weekend, President Paul Kagame told the Rwandan Armed Forces that work had begun.
“… We have done something from the beginning, to liberate this province. The next step is to protect and repair this province,” he said.
President Filipe Nyusi of Mozambique agreed to thank the Rwandan army for its courage and help them liberate the province.
The defeated rebels are believed to be hiding in the forests in the south, and the fight against them seems unfinished as the worries they face are still visible.